Керівництво та органи управління ЦЗ України
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Керівництво та органи управління ЦЗ України

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Запам’ятай 3 типи умовних речень
I If the weather is fine, we shall play outside. If you ring me up, I shall tell you something. Якщо погода буде гарна, ми будемо гратися на подвірї. Якщо ти мені зателефонуєш, я тобі щось розповім.
II If the weather were fine, we should play out­side. . If you rang me up, I should tell you something. Якщо погода б була гарна (сьогодні, завтра), ми б гралися на подвірї. Якщо б ти мені зателефонував (сьогодні, завтра), я б тобі щось розповів
Ill If the weather had been fine, we should have played outside. If you had rt^ng me up, I should have told you something. Якщо б погода була гарна (ічора), ми б гралися на подвірї. Якщо ти б зателефонував мені (вчора), я б тобі щось розповів.

Exercise 1.

Make up sentences as in example.

E.g. If


(to be) free, I (to come) to

see you. I





I shall come

to see you.





I should come

to see you.



had been


I should have come

to see you.

If I (to see) her, I (to be) glad. If I see


I shall be

glad. If

I saw


I should be

glad. If

I had seen her, I should have been


1. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 2. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyak-ov Gallery every year. 3. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic. 4; If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of "mushrooms. 5. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV togeth­er. 6. If she (to know) English, she (to try,) to enter the university. 7. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 8. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea-party. 9. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 10. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) at the examination.

Exercise 2.

Make up sentences ( I and III types).


If I

am not too busy, I shall go to the concert. 2. If no one comes to help, we shall be obliged to do the work ourselves. 3.


you put on your glass

Exercise 3

. Use the necessary forms of the verbs.

1.1 should be delighted if I (to have) such a beau­tiful fur-coat. 2. If it (to rain), we shall have to stay at home. 3. If he (to work) hard, he would have achieved great progress. 4. If it is not too cold, I (not to put) on my coat. 5. I (to write) the composi­tion long ago if you had not disturbed me. 6. If he (not to read) so much, he would not be so clever. 7. If my friend (to be) at home, he will tell us what to do. 8. If he were not such an outstanding actor, he (not to have) so many admirers. 9. If you (to give) me your address, I shall write you a letter. 10. If she (not to be) so absent-minded, she would be a much better student. 11. If my sister does not go to the south, we (to spend) the summer in St. Petersburg together. 12. If they (not to go) to Mos­cow last year, they would not have heard that fa­mous musician. 13. If you (not to get) tickets for the Philharmonic, we shall stay at home. 14. If you were not so careless about your health, you (to consult) the doctor.

Exercise 4

. Use the necessary forms of the verbs.

1. If she (to ask) me yesterday, I should certain­ly have told her all about it. 2. If you (to do) your morning exercises every day, your health would be much better. 3. If he is not very busy, he (to agree) to go to the museum with us. 4. If I (not to be) present at the lesson, I should not have under­stood this difficult rule. 5. If he reads fifty pages every day, his vocabulary (to increase) greatly. 6. If they (to know) it before, they would have taken measures. 7. If I (to get) this book, I shall be happy.. 8. If you had not wasted so much time, you (not to miss) the train. 9. If you (not to miss) the train, you would have arrived in time. 10. You (not to miss) the teacher's explanation if you had arrived in time11. You would have understood the rule if you (not to miss) the teacher's explanation. 12. If you (to understand) the rule, you would have written the test-paper successfully. 13. If you had written the test-paper successfully, you (not to get) a "two".14. Your mother (not to scold) you if you had not got a "two". 16. If your mother (not to scold) you would have felt happier.

Exercise 5

. Use the necessary forms of the verbs.


If it (to snow), the children will play snow balls. 2. If I (not to know) English, I should not be able to enjoy Byron's poetry. 3. I (not to do) it if you did not ask me. 4. If men (to have) no weap-as, would wars be possible? 5. You will never fin ish your work if you (to waste) your time like that. 6. If I (to have) his telephone number, I should easily settle this matter with him. 7. If I (to have) this rare book, I should gladly lend it to you. 8. The dish would have been much more tasty if she (to be) a better cook. 9. He never (to phone) you if I hadn't reminded him to do that. 10. Your brother (to become) much stronger if he took cold b.iths regularly. 11. If he (to be) more courageous, he would not be afraid. 12. If the fisherman had boon less patient, he (not to catch) so much fish.13.If you (to put) the ice-cream into the refrigerator, it would not have melted. 14. If I (to know) the result now, I would phone her immediately.

Exercise 6

. Make up five sentences from each table.

In your place I should take a rest.
But for him he would go to the forest.
But for the bad she stay at home.
к we take part in the concert.
you bathe in the river.
I they be sent to Lviv.
would have should have
I he she we you they
But for the rain In his place But for them

bought this camera, slept in the open air. lost the match, gone on an excursion, been examined on Mon­day, been sent there yesterday.

I would have done it tomorrow.
He would have translated the story long ago.
She should return the book yesterday.
We would go to the theatre this evening.
You should visit the exhibition last summer.
They would have built the bridge next week.

Exercise 7.

Answer the following questions as in the models.

Models: Suppose you want to buy a book. Where would you go? — / should go to a book-shop.Suppose you wanted to see a film yesterday.Where would you have gone? — / should have gone to the cinema.

A. 1. Suppose the ice is still very thin on the river. Would you skate on it? Why? 2. Suppose you must be in Kiev in the shortest time possible. Would you go there by train or by plane? 3. Suppose tomorrow is your friend's birthday. What would you buy for him as a present? 4. Suppose the weather is fine tomorrow. What would you do after classes?

B. 1. Suppose you were very busy last night. Would you have watched television? 2. The other day the librarian offered me a popular science book and a novel. What would you have chosen? 3. Yesterday I could go to the theatre or to the cinema. What would you have done in my place? 4. Last summer I could spend my holidays in the Crimea or in the Caucasus. Where would you have gone in my place? 5. Suppose you had dinner in the dining-room yester­day. Would you have taken cutlets or fried fish for the second course?

Exercise 8.

Make up five sentences from the table.

I wish she were at home last year.
I had finished school now.
they knew my address today.
he were not so busy yesterday.
I had been told the truth at present.
he worked at our school at that time.
I had not told her about it then.

Exercise 9.

Paraphrase the following sentences.

Model: It's a pity she is so indifferent to music.— / wish she were not so indifferent to music. Unfortunately, I did not see him there.— / wish I had seen him there.

A. 1. It's a pity he is not at school now. 2. It's a pity you are so absent-minded. 3. I am sorry I didn't speak French. 4. Unfortunately, he is busy now. 5. What a pity you are leaving our school. 6. It's a pity she is so shy. 7. I am sorry I can't help you. 8. Unfortunately, I have no Ukrainian-English dictionary.

B. 1. I am sorry I haven't read that article. 2. It's a pity she went there yesterday. 3. What a pity she wasn't invited to take part in the concert. 4. Unfortunately, the night was very dark. 5. I am sorry I said this in his presence. 6. It's a pity the weather was so bad. 7. I am sorry I didn't learn this language in my childhood.

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